Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam submitted a budget
request in December that includes access to gender-affirming care in the
state’s Medicaid program.
Northam, a Democrat, introduced Senate Bill
1100, and its companion bill House Bill 1800, on Dec. 16 for the 2021
legislative session that convenes on Jan. 13.
“The four year journey to secure medically
necessary, gender-affirming care for all Virginians has been hard fought,”
Equality Virginia Executive Director Vee Lamneck told the Washington Blade on
Wednesday. “It is a great relief that the governor included this in his budget
so that Virginians who are covered by Medicaid will be able to walk into their
doctor’s office and get their healthcare needs met.”
In the 750-page budget, the last line of item
313 under Medicaid Program Services states the department “shall modify agency
policy manuals to affirm coverage of services related to gender dysphoria for
Medicaid members.” If adopted, Virginia will become the 19th state to expressly
include coverage for gender-affirming care under their Medicaid program,
according to Williams Institute data.
The Williams Institute’s October study of various states’ Medicaid coverage of gender-affirming care estimated 1.4 million U.S. adults identify as transgender and approximately 152,000 of them are Medicaid beneficiaries.
The study found fewer than half of trans
beneficiaries have access to gender-affirming care under their state’s law,
despite 2016 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services regulations that Medicaid programs from excluding insurance
coverage to gender-affirming care.
“This is an important equity issue,” Northam
press secretary Alena Yarmosky told the Virginia Mercury newspaper on Jan. 4. “And
a critical part of making our commonwealth welcoming and inclusive of all.”
Maryland and D.C. previously expanded their
Medicaid access, noting the inclusive coverage in health department memos and
clarifying policy statements.
In 2014, the D.C. Department of Health Care
Finance posted “a clarifying statement of policy” to their website noting
gender dysphoria treatment was already covered by Medicaid through a
prohibition of discriminatory practices and this statement “should not be
construed as newly-mandated Medicaid benefits.”
Similarly, in 2016, the Maryland Department of
Health sent a memo to Managed Care Organizations to “reinforce” that they were
“now responsible for covering medically necessary gender transition services
including gender reassignment surgery.”
Virginia’s Medicaid expansion would bring its services in line with those expressly available to trans beneficiaries in other parts of the region.
“This is an important step toward creating a Virginia that includes us all,” Lamneck, who identifies as a non-binary Virginian, said.
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